CHARLES V (1500 - 1558)

Martin Luther King Henry VIII of England

In the Spring of 1521, Martin Luther was summoned to appear before the imperial Diet (a sort of ruling body) at Worms, Germany.  It was here that Martin Luther was to defend his theses (paper) pushing for reform within the Catholic church.  This was the first great challenge that Charles V was to face and to him it was the most important because it was attacking his religion.  Charles V declared war against the followers of Martin Luther and all of those who broke against the Catholic church.  This was the birth of the Protestant religions particularly, Lutherans (who followed Martin Luther) and Calvinists (who followed John Calvin).  Henry VIII of England had already broke away from the Catholic church because the Pope would not allow him to divorce his wife.

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