The Incas and the Andes

Look how close it is from this stream to the snow capped mountains

The Andes mountain range runs along the western (Pacific Ocean) coast of South America.  They are the second highest mountain range in the world and Andes mountains were right in the middle of the Inca empire.

The Incas were very fortunate that the Andes provided good land for growing crops.  Certain parts of the Andes had a very pleasant temperature, although there is a slight area of the Andes that has one of the driest deserts in the world.

The steepness of the Andes allowed the people who lived here to very quickly move from one geographical area to another where different types of plants could grow or animals could survive.  In less than a sixty mile distance they could move from a tropical forest to a frozen barren wasteland. 

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