OPPOSITES

The columns on the left show the words in Spanish with the English translation and the opposite word in Spanish with English translation.  Words that are adjectives, such as modern, often have a masculine (moderno) and feminine (moderna) form.  In these cases both are shown.  This is not meant to be an inclusive list of all the Spanish antonyms.

aburrise to be bored divertise to have a good time
aceptar to accept ofrecer to offer
acercarse a to approach alejarse de to go away from
acordarse de to remember olvidar, olvidarse de to forget
admitir to admit negar to deny
agracedico, agredecida thankful ingrato, ingrata thankless
algo something nada nothing
alguien someone nadie no one
alguno some ninguno none
amar to love odiar to hate
amigo, amiga friend enemigo, enemiga enemy
ancho, ancha wide estrecho, estrecha narrow
antes (de) before después (de) after
antiguo, antigua ancient, old moderno, moderna modern
antipático, antipática unpleasant (people) simpático, simpática nice (people)
aparecer to appear desaparecer to disappear
aplicado, aplicada industrious flojo, floja lazy
apresurarse a to hurry tardar en to delay
aprisa quickly despacio slowly
aquí here allí there
arriba above, upstairs bajo below, downstairs
ausente absent presente present
bajar to go down, subir to go up
bien well malo (mal), mala bad
caballero gentleman dama lady
caliente hot frio cold
caro, cara expensive barato, barata cheap
cerca (de) near lejos (de) far
cerrar to close abrir to open
claro, clara light (clear) oscuro, oscura dark
cobarde cowardly valiente valient, brave
cómico, cómica comic, funny trágico, trágica tragic
comprar to buy vender to sell
común common raro, rara rare
con with sin without
contra against con with
corto, corta short largo, larga long
costoso, costosa costly, expensive barato, barata cheap, inexpensive
culpable guilty, cupable inocente innocent
dar to give recibir to receive
débil weak fuerte strong
dejar caer to drop recoger to pick up
delante de in front of détras de in back of
delgado, delgada thin gordo, gorda fat
dentro inside fuera outside
derrota defeat victoria victory
descansar to rest cansare to get tired
descubrir to uncover cubrir to cover
descuido carelessness esmero meticulousness
desgraciado, degraciada unfortunate afortundo, afortunada fortunate
despertarse to wake up dormirse to fall asleep
destruir to destroy crear to create
desvanecerse to disappear aparecer to appear
distinto, distinta different semejante similar
dulce sweet amargo bitter
duro, dura hard blando, blanda soft
elogiar to praise censurar to criticize
empezar to begin terminar to end
encender to light apagar to extinguish
encima (de) on top debajo (de) under
entrada entrance salida exit
esta noche this evening anoche last night
este east oeste west
estúpido, estúpida stupid inteligente intelligent
éxito success fracaso failure
fácil easy difícil difficult
fatigado, fatigada tired descansado, descansada rested
feliz happy triste sad
feo, fea ugly hermoso, hermosa beautiful
fin end principio beginning
flaco, flaca thin gordo, gorda fat
gastar to spend (money) ahorrar to save (money)
gigante giant enano dwarf
grande large, big pequeño, pequeña small
hablador, habladora talkative taciturno, taciturna silent
hablar to talk callarse to keep silent
hembra female macho male
ida departure vuelta return
ignorar not to known saber to know
interesante interesting aburrido, aburrida boring
inútil useless útil useful
ir to go venir to come
joven young viejo, vieja old
jugar to play trabajar to work
juventud youth vejez old age
lejano distant cercano nearby
lentitud slowness rapidez speed
levantarse to get up sentarse to sit down
libertad liberty esclavitud slavery
limpio, limpia clean sucio, sucia dirty
luz light sombra shadow
llegada to arrive partida departure
llenar to fill vaciar to empty
lleno, llena full vacío, vacía empty
llorar to cry reír to laugh
maidecir to curse bendecir to bless
mañana tomorrow ayer yesterday
más more menos less
mejor better peor worse
mentir to lie decir la verdad to tell the truth
mentira lie verdad truth
meter to put in sacar to take out
mismo, misma same diferente different
mucho, mucha much poco, poca little
nacer to be born morir to die
natural natural innatural unnatural
necesario necessary innecesario unnecessary
negar to deny otorgar to grant
noche night día day
obeso, obesa obese delgado, delgada thin
obscuro, obscura dark claro, clara light
odio hate amor love
orguiloso proud humilde humble
oriental eastern occidental western
peligro danger seguridad safety
perder to lose (something) hallar to find (something)
perezoso, perezosa lazy diligent diligent
permitir to permit prohibir to prohibit
pesado, pesada heavy ligero, ligera light
ponerse to put on (clothing) quitarse to take off (clothing)
provenir future pasado past
posible possible imposible impossible
pregunta question contestación answer
preguntar to ask contestar to answer
presente present ausente absent
prestar to lend pedir prestado to borrow
primero, primera first último, última last
puesta del sol sunset salida del sol sunrise
quedarse to remain irse to leave
quizá(s) maybe seguro sure
recto straight tortuoso winding
rico, rica rich pobre poor
riqueza wealth pobreza poverty
rubio, rubia blond moreno, morena brunette
rudio noise silencio silence
sabio, sabia wise tonto, tonta foolish
salir (de) to leave (from) entrar (en) to enter (in, into)
seco dry mojado wet
separar to separate juntar to join
yes no no
siempre always nunca never
subir to go up bajar to go down
sucio, sucia dirty limpio, limpia clean
sur south norte north
temprano early tarde late
tomar to take dar to give
tonto foolish listo clever
tranquilo tranquil turbulento turbulent
unir to unite desunir to disunite
usual usual extraño unusual
vida life muerte death
virtud virtue vicio vice

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