Grammar Review

Click on the underlined term to open an additional window.  This additional window will give you more information and examples (in English and  in most cases also Spanish) concerning the word or term.  Please note that the additional window is both moveable and resizeable.  Not all terms have an additional window, only those that require a more detailed explanation.

Active Voice - A sentence is said to be in the active voice when the subject is the peformer of the action of the verb.
Adverb of Manner - An adverb of manner answers the question how?  Adverbs of manner end in -ly.
Adverb of Degree - An adverb of degree answers the question how much?
Adverb of Time - An adverb of time answers the question when?
Adverb of Place - An adverb of place answers the question where?
Articles - An article is a word placed before a noun to show whether the noun refers to a specific person, animal, place, thing, event or idea or whether it refers to an unspecified person, thing or idea.
Attributive Adjective - An attributive adjective is connected directly to the noun it describes and always precedes it.
Auxiliary Verbs - A verb is a called an auxillary or helping verb when it helps another verb, called the main verb form on of its tenses.
Conditional Form - The conditional form of the verb implies a condition.
Conditional Perfect - To have in the conditional + the past participle of the main verb.
Conjunction - A conjunction is a word that links two or more words or groups of words.
Coordinating Conjunction - A coordinating conjunction joins words, phrases (groups of words without a verb), and clauses (groups of words with a verb), that are equal.  The major coordinating conjunctions are and, but, or, nor, for, and yet.
Declarative Sentence - A declarative sentence makes a statement.
Definite Articles - A definite article is used before a noun when we are speaking of a specific person, place, animal or thing.  There is one definite article in English, the.
Demonstrative Adjective - A demonstrative adjective is a word used to point out a noun.
Demonstrative Pronouns - Demonstrative pronouns are used to point out persons or things.
Dependent Clause - A dependent clause does not express a complete sentence.
Descriptive Adjective - A descriptive adjective is a word that indicates a quality of a noun or pronoun.  It describes the noun or pronoun.
Direct Object - A direct object is a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb directly, with a preposition between the verb and the noun or pronoun.  It answers the question whom? or what? asked after the verb.
Future Perfect - To have in the future tense + the past participle of the main verb.
Imperative - The imperative is used to give someone an order.
Imperative Mood - The imperative mood is used to give commands or orders.
Indefinite Articles - An indefinite article is used before a noun when we are speaking about an unspecified person, animal, place, thing, event or idea. 
Indefinite Pronouns - Indefinite pronouns are used to introduce relative subordinate pronouns.
Indicative Mood - The indicative mood is used to state the action of the verb, that is to indicate facts.
Indirect Object - An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb indirectly.  It answers the question whom? or what? asked after the verb.
Infinitive - The infinitive form is the name of the verb.
Interrogative Adjective - An interrogative adjective is a word that asks for information about a noun.
Interrogative Pronouns - Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions.
Interrogative Sentence - An interrogative sentence asks a question.
Intransitive Verb - An intransitive verb does not require a direct object.
Main Clause - A main clause expresses a complete sentence.
Mood - Mood is a grammatical term for a category of a verb used to indicate the attitude of a speaker toward what he or she is saying.
Objects - Objects are nouns or pronouns indicating towards what or whom the action of the verb is directed.
Object of a Preposition - An object of a preposition is a noun or pronoun that follows a preposition and is related to it.  It answers the question whom? or what? asked after the preposition.
Participle - A participle is a form of a verb that can be used in one of two ways: with an auxillary verb to indicate certain tenses, or as an adjective to describe something.
Past Perfect (pluperfect) - To have in the simple past + the past participle of the main verb.
Perfect Tenses - The perfect tenses are compound verbs made up of the auxillary verb to have + the past participle of the main verb.
Personal Pronouns - A personal pronoun replace nouns referring to persons or things that have been previously mentioned.
Possessive - The term possesive means that one noun owns or posseses another noun.
Possesive Pronouns - Possesive pronouns are used to show ownership or possession.
Present Perfect - To have in the present tense + the past participle of the main verb.
Progressive Tenses - The progressive tenses are used to talk about actions that are in progress at a specific moment in time; they emphasize the moment that an action takes place.
Reflective Pronoun - A reflective pronoun refers back to the subject of the sentence.
Relative Pronoun - A relative pronoun is a word used at the beginning of a clause giving additional information about someone or something previously mentioned.
Subjunctive - The subjunctive is a mood used to express a wish, hope, uncertainty or other similar attitude toward a fact or idea.  Since it stresses the subject's feelings about the fact or idea, it is usually subjective about them.
Passive Voice - A sentence is said to be in the passive voice when the subject is the receiver of the action of the verb.
Predicate Adjective - A predicate adjective is connected to the noun it describes, always the subject of the sentence, by linking verbs such as to be, to feel, to look.
Preposition - A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of one word (usually a noun or pronoun) to another word (usually another noun or pronoun) in the sentence.
Possesive Adjective - A possesive adjective is a word that describes a noun by showing who posseses that noun.
Reciprocal Action - Action between two or more persons or things.
Reflective Verb - A reflective verb is a verb which is accompanied by a pronoun, called a reflective pronoun, that serves "to reflect" the action of the verb back to the subject.  Reflective pronouns end with -self in the singular and -selves in the plural.
Subject - In a sentence the subject is the person or thing that performs the action of the verb.
Subject Pronoun - A subject pronoun is a used as a subject of a verb.
Subjunctive Mood - The subjunctive mood is used to express an attitude or feeling toward the action of the verb.
Superlative - The superlative is used to stress the highest or lowest degrees of a quality.
Subordinating Conjunction - A subordinating conjunction joins a main clause to a dependent clause; it subordinates one clause to another.  Typical subordinating conjunctions are before, after, since, although, because, if, unless, so that, while, that and when.
Subordinate Clause - A subordinate clause is a clause introduced by a subordinating conjuction.   Typical subordinating conjunctions are before, after, since, although, because, if, so that, while, that, and when.
Transitive Verb - A transitive verb takes a direct object.
Voice - Voice in the grammatical sense refers to the relationship between the verb and its subject.  There are two voices, active and passive.