OPPOSITES
SPANISH TO ENGLISH

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abrir to open cerrar to close
aburrido, aburrida boring interesante interesting
aburrise to be bored divertise to have a good time
aceptar to accept ofrecer to offer
acercarse a to approach alejarse de to go away from
acordarse de to remember olvidar, olvidarse de to forget
admitir to admit negar to deny
afortundo, afortunada fortunate desgraciado, degraciada unfortunate
agracedico, agredecida thankful ingrato, ingrata thankless
ahorrar to save (money) gastar to spend (money)
alejarse de to go away from acercarse a to approach
algo something nada nothing
alguien someone nadie no one
alguno some ninguno none
allí there aquí here
amar to love odiar to hate
amargo bitter dulce sweet
amigo, amiga friend enemigo, enemiga enemy
amor love odio hate
ancho, ancha wide estrecho, estrecha narrow
anoche last night esta noche this evening
antes (de) before después (de) after
antiguo, antigua ancient, old moderno, moderna modern
antipático, antipática unpleasant (people) simpático, simpática nice (people)
apagar to extinguish encender to light
aparecer to appear desaparecer to disappear
aplicado, aplicada industrious flojo, floja lazy
apresurarse a to hurry tardar en to delay
aprisa quickly despacio slowly
aquí here allí there
arriba above, upstairs bajo below, downstairs
ausente absent presente present
ayer yesterday mañana tomorrow
bajar to go down, subir to go up
bajo below, downstairs arriba above, upstairs
barato, barata cheap, inexpensive costoso, costosa costly, expensive
bendecir to bless maidecir to curse
bien well malo (mal), mala bad
blando, blanda soft duro, dura hard
caballero gentleman dama lady
caliente hot frio cold
callarse to keep silent hablar to talk
cansare to get tired descansar to rest
caro, cara expensive barato, barata cheap
censurar to criticize elogiar to praise
cerca (de) near lejos (de) far
cercano nearby lejano distant
cerrar to close abrir to open
claro, clara light (clear) oscuro, oscura dark
cobarde cowardly valiente valient, brave
cómico, cómica comic, funny trágico, trágica tragic
comprar to buy vender to sell
común common raro, rara rare
con with sin without
contestación answer pregunta question
contestar to answer preguntar to ask
contra against con with
corto, corta short largo, larga long
costoso, costosa costly, expensive barato, barata cheap, inexpensive
crear to create destruir to destroy
cubrir to cover descubrir to uncover
culpable guilty, cupable inocente innocent
dama lady caballero gentleman
dar to give tomar to take
debajo (de) under encima (de) on top
débil weak fuerte strong
decir la verdad to tell the truth mentir to lie
dejar caer to drop recoger to pick up
delante de in front of détras de in back of
dentro inside fuera outside
derrota defeat victoria victory
desaparecer to disappear aparecer to appear
descansado, descansada rested fatigado, fatigada tired
descansar to rest cansare to get tired
descubrir to uncover cubrir to cover
descuido carelessness esmero meticulousness
desgraciado, degraciada unfortunate afortundo, afortunada fortunate
despacio slowly aprisa quickly
despertarse to wake up dormirse to fall asleep
después (de) after antes (de) before
destruir to destroy crear to create
desunir to disunite unir to unite
desvanecerse to disappear aparecer to appear
détras de in back of delante de in front of
día day noche night
diferente different mismo, misma same
difícil difficult fácil easy
diligent diligent perezoso, perezosa lazy
distinto, distinta different semejante similar
divertise to have a good time aburrise to be bored
dormirse to fall asleep despertarse to wake up
dulce sweet amargo bitter
duro, dura hard blando, blanda soft
elogiar to praise censurar to criticize
empezar to begin terminar to end
enano dwarf gigante giant
encender to light apagar to extinguish
encima (de) on top debajo (de) under
enemigo, enemiga enemy amigo, amiga friend
entrada entrance salida exit
entrar (en) to enter (in, into) salir (de) to leave (from)
esclavitud slavery libertad liberty
esmero meticulousness descuido carelessness
esta noche this evening anoche last night
este east oeste west
estrecho, estrecha narrow ancho, ancha wide
estúpido, estúpida stupid inteligente intelligent
éxito success fracaso failure
extraño unusual usual usual
fácil easy difícil difficult
fatigado, fatigada tired descansado, descansada rested
feliz happy triste sad
feo, fea ugly hermoso, hermosa beautiful
fin end principio beginning
flaco, flaca thin gordo, gorda fat
flojo, floja lazy aplicado, aplicada industrious
fracaso failure éxito success
frio cold caliente hot
fuera outside dentro inside
fuerte strong débil weak
gastar to spend (money) ahorrar to save (money)
gigante giant enano dwarf
gordo, gorda fat flaco, flaca thin
grande large, big pequeño, pequeña small
hablador, habladora talkative taciturno, taciturna silent
hablar to talk callarse to keep silent
hallar to find (something) perder to lose (something)
hembra female macho male
hermoso, hermosa beautiful feo, fea ugly
humilde humble orguiloso proud
ida departure vuelta return
ignorar not to known saber to know
imposible impossible posible possible
ingrato, ingrata thankless agracedico, agredecida thankful
innatural unnatural natural natural
innecesario unnecessary necesario necessary
inocente innocent culpable guilty, cupable
inteligente intelligent estúpido, estúpida stupid
interesante interesting aburrido, aburrida boring
inútil useless útil useful
ir to go venir to come
irse to leave quedarse to remain
joven young viejo, vieja old
jugar to play trabajar to work
juntar to join separar to separate
juventud youth vejez old age
largo, larga long corto, corta short
lejano distant cercano nearby
lejos (de) far cerca (de) near
lentitud slowness rapidez speed
levantarse to get up sentarse to sit down
libertad liberty esclavitud slavery
ligero, ligera light pesado, pesada heavy
limpio, limpia clean sucio, sucia dirty
listo clever tonto foolish
llegada to arrive partida departure
llenar to fill vaciar to empty
lleno, llena full vacío, vacía empty
llorar to cry reír to laugh
luz light sombra shadow
macho male hembra female
maidecir to curse bendecir to bless
malo (mal), mala bad bien well
mañana tomorrow ayer yesterday
más more menos less
mejor better peor worse
menos less más more
mentir to lie decir la verdad to tell the truth
mentira lie verdad truth
meter to put in sacar to take out
mismo, misma same diferente different
moderno, moderna modern antiguo, antigua ancient, old
mojado wet seco dry
moreno, morena brunette rubio, rubia blond
morir to die nacer to be born
mucho, mucha much poco, poca little
muerte death vida life
nacer to be born morir to die
nada nothing algo something
nadie no one alguien someone
natural natural innatural unnatural
necesario necessary innecesario unnecessary
negar to deny otorgar to grant
negar to deny admitir to admit
ninguno none alguno some
no no yes
noche night día day
norte north sur south
nunca never siempre always
obeso, obesa obese delgado, delgada thin
obscuro, obscura dark claro, clara light
occidental western oriental eastern
odiar to hate amar to love
odio hate amor love
oeste west este east
ofrecer to offer aceptar to accept
olvidar, olvidarse de to forget acordarse de to remember
orguiloso proud humilde humble
oriental eastern occidental western
oscuro, oscura dark claro, clara light (clear)
otorgar to grant negar to deny
partida departure llegada to arrive
pasado past provenir future
pedir prestado to borrow prestar to lend
peligro danger seguridad safety
peor worse mejor better
pequeño, pequeña small grande large, big
perder to lose (something) hallar to find (something)
perezoso, perezosa lazy diligent diligent
permitir to permit prohibir to prohibit
pesado, pesada heavy ligero, ligera light
pobre poor rico, rica rich
pobreza poverty riqueza wealth
poco, poca little mucho, mucha much
ponerse to put on (clothing) quitarse to take off (clothing)
posible possible imposible impossible
pregunta question contestación answer
preguntar to ask contestar to answer
presente present ausente absent
prestar to lend pedir prestado to borrow
primero, primera first último, última last
principio beginning fin end
prohibir to prohibit permitir to permit
provenir future pasado past
puesta del sol sunset salida del sol sunrise
quedarse to remain irse to leave
quitarse to take off (clothing) ponerse to put on (clothing)
quizá(s) maybe seguro sure
rapidez speed lentitud slowness
raro, rara rare común common
recibir to receive dar to give
recoger to pick up dejar caer to drop
recto straight tortuoso winding
reír to laugh llorar to cry
rico, rica rich pobre poor
riqueza wealth pobreza poverty
rubio, rubia blond moreno, morena brunette
rudio noise silencio silence
saber to know ignorar not to known
sabio, sabia wise tonto, tonta foolish
sacar to take out meter to put in
salida exit entrada entrance
salida del sol sunrise puesta del sol sunset
salir (de) to leave (from) entrar (en) to enter (in, into)
seco dry mojado wet
seguridad safety peligro danger
seguro sure quizá(s) maybe
semejante similar distinto, distinta different
sentarse to sit down levantarse to get up
separar to separate juntar to join
yes no no
siempre always nunca never
silencio silence rudio noise
simpático, simpática nice (people) antipático, antipática unpleasant (people)
sin without con with
sombra shadow luz light
subir to go up bajar to go down,
sucio, sucia dirty limpio, limpia clean
sur south norte north
taciturno, taciturna silent hablador, habladora talkative
tardar en to delay apresurarse a to hurry
tarde late temprano early
temprano early tarde late
terminar to end empezar to begin
tomar to take dar to give
tonto foolish listo clever
tonto, tonta foolish sabio, sabia wise
tortuoso winding recto straight
trabajar to work jugar to play
trágico, trágica tragic cómico, cómica comic, funny
tranquilo tranquil turbulento turbulent
triste sad feliz happy
turbulento turbulent tranquilo tranquil
último, última last primero, primera first
unir to unite desunir to disunite
usual usual extraño unusual
útil useful inútil useless
vaciar to empty llenar to fill
vacío, vacía empty lleno, llena full
valiente valient, brave cobarde cowardly
vejez old age juventud youth
vender to sell comprar to buy
venir to come ir to go
verdad truth mentira lie
vicio vice virtud virtue
victoria victory derrota defeat
vida life muerte death
viejo, vieja old joven young
virtud virtue vicio vice
vuelta return ida departure