Present Indicative

This is the tense that is most often used in Spanish and English.   It is used for:

1) An action or state of being at the present time

    Hablo español. - I speak Spanish.

2) Habitual action

    Voy a la biblioteca todos los días. - I go to the library every day.

3) A general truth, something which is permanently true

    Seis menos dos son cuatro. -  Six minus two are four.

4)  A near future

    Mi hermano llega mañana. - My brother arrives tomorrow.

5) The meaning of "almost" or "nearly" when used with por poco.

    Por poco me matan.   They almost killed me.

For regular verbs that  in the indicative end in ar you form the present indicative tense by dropping the ar ending and adding the appropriate ending using the chart below.

Verbs that end - ar

yo - o
- as
él, ella, usted - a
nosotros(as) - amos
vosotros(as) - áis
ellos, ellas, ustedes - an

Test yourself on the following "-ar" verbs: "comprar - to buy", "llegar - to arrive" and "trabajar - to work".  Once you think you know the answer place your cursor over the box and drag it to the right to reveal the answer.

yo

compro

llego

trabajo

compras

llegas

trabajas

él, ella, usted

compra

llega

trabaja

nosostro(as)

compramos

llegamos

trabajamos

vosotros(as)

compráis

llegáis

trabajáis

ellos, ellas, ustedes

compran

llegan

trabajan

For regular verbs that  in the indicative end in er you form the present indicative tense by dropping the er ending and adding the appropriate ending using the chart below.

Verbs that end - er

yo - o
- es
él, ella, usted - e
nosotros(as) - emos
vosotros(as) - éis
ellos, ellas, ustedes - en

Test yourself on the following "-er" verbs: "aprender - to learn", "beber - to drink" and "leer  - to read".  Once you think you know the answer place your cursor over the box and drag it to the right to reveal the answer.

yo

aprendo

bebo

leo

aprendes

bebes

lees

él, ella, usted

aprende

bebe

lee

nosostro(as)

aprendemos

bebemos

leemos

vosotros(as)

aprendéis

bebéis

leéis

ellos, ellas, ustedes

aprenden

beben

leen

For regular verbs that  in the indicative end in ir you form the present indicative tense by dropping the ir ending and adding the appropriate ending using the chart below.

Verbs that end - ir

yo - o
- es
él, ella, usted - e
nosotros(as) - imos
vosotros(as) - ís
ellos, ellas, ustedes - en

Test yourself on the following "-ir" verbs: "escribir - to write", "recibir - to receive" and "vivir - to live".  Once you think you know the answer place your cursor over the box and drag it to the right to reveal the answer.

yo

escribo

recibo

vivo

escribes

recibes

vives

él, ella, usted

escribe

recibe

vive

nosostro(as)

escribimos

recibimos

vivimos

vosotros(as)

escribís

recibís

vivís

ellos, ellas, ustedes

escriben

reciben

viven

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