Antonio Machado

Machado is perhaps the most popular poet in Spain.  Antonio was born in Seville in 1875, but moved to Madrid at the age of 8 and subsequently to Soria, where he taught French.   His early poetry, including Soledades (1903) and Soledades, galerķas y otros poemas (1907) were strongly influenced by the French modernista movement.  His marriage in 1909 to 16-year old Leonor resulted in his happiest and most fertile poetic period, including what is arguably his best work, Campos de Castilla (1912).  During this time, the dominant themes in his poetry were nature, Castile and the Romancero (ballads).

Tragically, his wife died only five years into their marriage and Machado moved from their home in Soria to Baeza.  Machado later returned to his more simplistic approach and subject matter later in life.  Antonio was yet another victim of the Spanish Civil War.  He traveled to Valencia at the start of the Civil War where he supported the Republic.  In February, 1939, he fled across the Pyrenees with his mother and a brother, but became ill during the trip and died shortly thereafter in Collioure.   Machado's Obras Completas (Complete Works) were published in 1947.

Read "Los Ojos" (The Eyes)

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